Latest COVID-19 Funding Legislation Passes the House; Significant Negotiation Expected as it Moves to the Senate

Late on Friday May 15, 2020, the most recent round of COVID-19 funding legislation, H.R. 6800, The Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act (“HEROES Act), passed the House by a mostly partisan vote of 208-199. The bill, which was introduced in the House earlier this week on May 12, 2020, includes approximately $3 trillion in relief for state and local governments, individuals, and the healthcare system.

Major New COVID-19 Legislation Introduced in the House Today: H.R. 6800, The $3 trillion “HEROES” Act

The next major round of COVID-19 legislation, H.R. 6800, The Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act (“HEROES Act), was introduced in the house today, May 12, 2020. The package includes approximately $3 trillion in relief for state and local governments, individuals, and the healthcare system.

According to the Democratic staff of the House Committee on Appropriations summary , the bill includes, just in its funding for governments and financial services:

State Fiscal Relief – $500 billion in funding to assist state governments with the fiscal impacts from the public health emergency caused by the coronavirus.
Local Fiscal Relief – $375 billion in funding to assist local governments with the fiscal impacts from the public health emergency caused by the coronavirus.
Tribal Fiscal Relief – $20 billion in funding to assist Tribal governments with the fiscal impacts from the public health emergency caused by the coronavirus.
Fiscal Relief for Territories – $20 billion in funding to assist governments of the Territories with the fiscal impacts from the public health emergency caused by the coronavirus.
CARES Act Coronavirus Relief Fund Repayment to DC – Provides an additional $755 million for the District of Columbia to assist with the fiscal impacts from the public health emergency caused by the coronavirus
Treasury Inspector Generals – $35 million for the Treasury Inspector General for oversight of Coronavirus Fiscal Relief Fund payments to state and local governments, and $2.5 million for the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration for oversight of IRS payments.
Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) – $1 billion for economic support and recovery in distressed communities by providing financial and technical assistance to CDFIs.
Tax Credit Implementation – $599 million for implementation of additional payments to individuals.
Assistance to Homeowners–$75 billion to states, territories, and tribes to address the ongoing needs of homeowners struggling to afford their housing due directly or indirectly to the impacts of the pandemic by providing direct assistance with mortgage payments, property taxes, property insurance, utilities, and other housing related costs.
Elections – $3.6 billion for grants to States for contingency planning, preparation, and resilience of elections for Federal office.
Broadband – $1.5 billion to close the homework gap by providing funding for Wi-Fi hotspots and connected devices for students and library patrons, and $4 billion for emergency home connectivity needs.
Assisting Small Businesses – $10 billion in grants to small businesses that have suffered financial losses as a result of the coronavirus outbreak. Office of Personnel Management Inspector General Office (OPM IG) – $1 million for the OPM IG to combat healthcare fraud associated with COVID-19.
General Services Administration Technology Modernization Fund – $1 billion in funding for technology-related modernization activities to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus.
Postal Service – $25 billion for revenue forgone due to the coronavirus pandemic, plus language providing additional protections to Postal workers. An additional $15 million is provided for the Postal Service Inspector General for oversight of this funding.

Joint Committee on Taxation Releases Explanation of the CARES Act

The Joint Committee on Taxation released its explanation of the CARES Act on Wednesday April 22, 2020, and includes an appendix with the estimated revenue effects originally prepared on March 26, 2020.

OECD Releases Report on Countries’ Tax and Fiscal Policy Responses to COVID-19

The OECD has released a report tracking and reviewing countries’ tax and fiscal responses to the COVID-19 crisis. In this April 15, 2020 report, the OECD makes a series of observations and recommendations for the future, noting that “some are already suggesting the need for a new kind of ‘Marshal Plan’ to support the poorest countries.”

Updated Working Paper on Pandemic Regulation Includes Analysis of the CARES Act, H.R. 748

An updated version of the Working Paper, Regulating in Pandemic: Evaluating Economic and Financial Policy Responses to the Coronavirus Crisis by Hiba Hafiz, Shu-Yi Oei, Diane M. Ring, and Natalya Shnitser has been posted. The Working Paper is revised and updated to incorporate the CARES Act (H.R. 748) as well as recent action by the Federal Reserve, the Department of Labor, and other agencies.

The IMF and COVID-19

Latest information about the IMF’s work to address the Coronavirus crisis
Including:
Statement by the International Monetary and Financial Committee on the Coronavirus (Mar. 4, 2020)
Policy Action for a Healthy Global Economy (Mar. 16, 2020)
IMF Policy Recommendations: Policy Steps to Address the Coronavirus Crisis (Mar. 16, 2020)
Blunting the Impact and Hard Choices: Early Lessons from China (Mar. 20, 2020)
Coronavirus Economic Planning: Hoping for the Best, Prepared for the Worst (Mar. 12, 2020)
Monetary and Financial Stability During the Coronavirus Outbreak (Mar. 11, 2020)
Limiting the Economic Fallout of the Coronavirus with Large Targeted Policies (Mar. 9, 2020)
Fiscal Policies to Protect People During the Coronavirus Outbreak (Mar. 5, 2020)